BOOK

of

DIVINE PRAYERS

and

SERVICES

of the

CATHOLIC ORTHODOX CHURCH

of

CHRIST

Book of

Divine

Prayers and Services

of the

Catholic Orthodox Church

of Christ

Comprising the most important of the Private and Public Prayers; Services of the Dominical Feasts of the Distinguished Saints; and of all Sundays of the Year; in the Order ordained by the Holy Orthodox Church of Christ; to which are appended an Index and a Table for finding Easter, cover- ing a Period of Twenty Years, 1938 to 19 3 8

Compiled and arranged by THE REVEREND SERAPHIM NASSAR

the President of the Society |

With the Permission and Approval of

HIS GRACE THE MOST REVEREND ANTONY BASHIR

Archbishop of New York and All North America

'Copyright, 1938

by

BISTTERS of (he 8ISTFRHU0D ef the PROPAGATION •f DIVIKE SKlYtC^

aud KELIGIODS TEACHINGS IN THE UNITED STlTEd, Kot, Imc

Mary. Elizabetii and tadic Abraham, Owner*

1938

THE BLACKSHAW PRESS, Inc.

New York, N. Y.

Primed in U.S.A.

Preface and Invocation

T RAISED be God the absolute Being, whose greatness pervades all existence, great in himself, glorified in his creation, who made of religion a lighthouse for guidance, raising his saints as exemplars to those who would follow in their footsteps, now by their words of sound doctrine, and now by their blameless dieds. l^raised be he whose abundant mercies have accepted prayer as a means of worship for his most holy glory, as a blessing to his servants, as nourishment for their souls, as a fountain of joy for their spirits, as a consolation to them in their sorrows, and as a light to lighten their hearts by day and by night.

I, Father Seraphim Nassar, son of George, son of Elias Nassar, Orthodox in dcctrine, born in Marsine, having long realized the dire need of my Orthodox Christian brethren in the lands of their disper- sion, and especially of their offspring for whom the English language has become the mother tongue, was moved by religious zeal and Christian love to undertake the translation into English of an un- abridged prayer book, unlike the compendiums that are now in use, for these latter do not include such prayers and services as the Great Horologia, the Psalms, the Prophecies, the Epistles, the Gospels, the Oktoechos, the Menaion, the Triodion, the Pentecostarion, the ser- vice of the Holy Mass, and the Typicon, all of which are necessary for every Orthodox worshipper, especially chanters, lectors, and, of course. Priests.

After years of search and investigation I was successful, by God's help, in finding a capable person to fulfill my long cherished desire to bring this project to completion. This solemn undertaking was begun and finished in the town of Spring Valley, Illinois, in the United States of America, with the efforts and assistance of a group of God-fearing and devoted daughters of religion, who both in virtues and number represent the most essential of Christian graces faith, hope, and charity. Thus I was enabled to complete this book according to the pattern I had laid down, so that it fulfills all the indispensable requirements of a full service book for use in Orth- odox Churches,

To this volume I have added appendices explaining the true nature of the Church of Christ, founded by him, the attributes by which it is distinguished, its infallibility, the reason for its order of worship, with an exposition thereof. To this has been added the division of time, the number of prayers and notes on their authors, and the times of their inclusion in the Church services, especially those of the

service^ of the Divine Mass. For the convenience of the reader I have followed this appendix with a glossary of words and phrases which I left in the original Greek, with a table of contents and index. For further usefulness I added tables for the determination of Easter, after the Eastern Calendar, and the Western and Mosaic Passovers; the Epistle and Gospel selections. Tones, and the Eothina to be used each Sunday for a period of twenty years, with blank pages for the registration of marriages, births, baptisms, and deaths.

I have left the full exposition of the Divine Mass and other mat- ters to the longer standard books dealing with these subjects. I have contented myself with the quotations and references which the reader will find in this book, taken from the writings of the Fathers and commentators, which, as I believe, are sufficient for the purpose of worship and the topics of the services.

Finally, I trust that this work of mine may receive the commen- dation and call forth the satisfaction of my superiors and the rest of my reverend brethren the Priests. I pray that they meet my weak- ness with their kindness; that they correct my errors with their gentle reprovals, pointing out my mistakes; and that they cover my shortcomings with their gracious indulgence; and that they encourage me with their prayers.

Receive thou, most merciful One, by thy great compassion and all-pervading bounty, the past and future efforts of thy handmaidens, the sisters of the Sisterhood of the Propagation of Divine Services and Religious Teachings in the United States Mary, Elizabeth, and Sadie Abraham, referred to above for the fulfillment of thy will, the strengthening of thy Church, and the glorification of thy Name. Sufficient unto me is thy mercy and the benefit accruing to the chil- dren of my Orthodox Church generally.

(Reverend) Seraphim Nassar

President of the Sisterhood.

The conclusion of the translation, comparison, correction, and revi- sion of this work took place in my residence, 322 East Iowa Street, in the town of Spring Valley, Illinois, at the opening of the year 1938.

Petition

Submitted by Father Seraphim Nassar to his Grace, Archbishop

Antony Bashir, Seeking Permission for the Publication

of this Book.

'^'

O the lordship of my venerable lord and master, the most wise, the most noble, and the most learned Antony Bashir, Arch- bishop of New York and all North America, supreme in elo- quence of mouth and pen. May the radiance of your years, like a brilliant lu?ninary long shine for the glory of the holy Church of Christ.

Having kissed your holy hands and sought the beneficence of your prayers and of your apostolic blessings, allow me to say that the best act in this created world is the propagation of the worship of God by which one proclaims the favour, goodness, and beneficence of the Creator toward the creature.

Prayer is the most direct means whereby man can attain this sacred end, since it corjiprises petition, praise, and thanksgiving for all the favours which we have received through faith in the Son of God, our only Saviour and Mediator.

Since most of the children of our Orthodox Church in these Ameri- can countries are occupied with their worldly affairs, deserting their Church, and turning away from the worship of their Creator, on the pretext that they are ignorant of the language of their parents* Church, religious zeal and Christian love have moved your son the Priest, Seraphim Nassar, most unworthy sinner and captive to iniquity, to translate the services of our Orthodox Church into the English language, for their enlightenment, and to arouse them from the slumber of their inadvertence, and to lead them to worship their Creator.

I have called this book of rnine The Divine Services of the Cathoh'c Orthodox Church of Christ and in it I have included all that the Christian, clerical or lay, may need in his house or in the church.

Being an unworthy Priest, and knowing the duty of obedience imposed on me toward the respected authority of the Church, I come with this petition to supplicate your religious zeal, your Christian love, and your apostolic blessing, to honour me with permission to publish it, in order to universalize its benefits, and to crown my efforts with success.

In conclusion, I kiss your holy hand again, and ask God to support and establish your holy presidency.

Your suppliant and son.

Spring Valley, Illinois, The Priest, Seraphim Nassar.

April 15, 1938. vli

THE MOST REVEREND ANTONY BASHIR ARCHBISHOP OF NEW YORK AND ALL NORTH AMERICA

Imprimatur

0UR beloved son in the Lord, the Reverend Seraphim Nassar, Pastor of St. George's Syrian Orthodox Church in Spring Valley, Illinois, is one" in whom we have recognized religious zeal and true Christian love. He has spared no effort and has been tireless in the cause of the progress of the Holy Apostolic Catholic Orthodox Church of Christ, taking special interest in the younger generation of our holy Church who have been born and brought up in the United States, regardless of racial or linguistic origin.

Among other things in evidence of this father's zi^al for religion and Church, we may mention that some time ago he wrote a little novel based on the Annunciation to the Virgin Mary, which he called, The Daughter of David, in which he sought to establish the Incarna- tion of the Word of God, and to prove that Christ is both God and Man. This novel was translated into English and favourably re- ceived b\ the various Orthodox communities and h\ the American people generally.

At present, already translated and ready for publication when the opportunity offers, he has the following works:

1. Rays of Light on the Sacraments. This is an exposition of the Seven Sacraments of the Church.

2. Outh'ne of Sacred History. For the benefit of school children.

3. Outh'ne of Church History.

4. A Compendium of the Exposition of the Divine Mass.

5. A more extended exposition of the Divine Mass.

6. Exposition of the Creed, the Canon of Faith.

7. An Essay on the Sources of the Creed or Canon of Faith.

8. Exposition of the Lord's Prayer.

9. Exposition of the Church's Requirements for the Child from the Time He is Born until His Baptism.

10. The first part of his book. Proof of Morality and the Truth of the Faith. This comprises some of his sermons and will be helpful to every Christian, particularly those of the younger generation among whom very few have a true understanding of Orthodoxy.

Finally, he has finished his eleventh work. The Book of Divine Services of the Catholic Orthodox Church of Christ, the manuscript (ij which is now in our hands, and which we have perused. Me have

ix

found it inclusive of all the services, rites, and prayers. It comprises in its pages, which exceed one thousand, the Great Horology, the Psalms, Prophecies, Epistles, Gospels, the Oktoechos, the Menaion, the Triodion, the Pentecostarion, as well as the service of the Divine Mass, and the Typicon. At the end of the book is an Ap- pendix in which the reverend father explains the true meaning of the Church of Christ, established by God, its attributes, infallibility, purpose in ordaining the holy services, with an exposition of all that pertains thereto, and an explanation of the division of time in accord- ance with the number of services, and the times of their introduction into the Church, especially as regards the Divine Mass. The Appendix also contains an explanation of the Mass and of the words and phrases which have been left in the book in their original Greek forms. For further convenience the Appendix is followed by an Easter Table for the determinations of the Jewish, or Mosaic Passover, the Eastern Orthodox Passover,, and the Latin Passover. There is a section for the Epistles, another for the Gospels, a chapter on the Tones, and the Eothina for every Sunday of the year for a period of twenty years. Having examined this book, unique in the English tongue, and having realized its benefit, and the growing urgency among our Orthodox people for it, especially the singers, readers, and venerable Priests, we have given our permission for its publication, prompted by our desire to see it widely distributed among our Church people, in order to propagate the spirit of piety and to confirm true religion through prayer and true worship.

Antony Bashir, Archbishop of New York and all North America.

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METROPOLITE GERMANUS SHIHADAH

Dedication

^^:

the spirit of my father in the Priesthood, the thrice blessed memory, Metropolitan Ger?nanus Shihadah; to that spirit without whose bountiful affluence towards me, manifested by my being the first to set the service of the Divine Mass into the English language, this door would not have been opened before me, nor would I have beheld that light which guided me in this way that I have taken, nor come to the end which I have now reached through the help of God.

For behold, while thou. O pure spirit, hast departed this existence, thou art still living in thine essence, through holy deeds, and through what thou hast left of beautiful memory, for the glory of God and the good of the Church.

Thy faithful son,

(Reverend) Seraphim Nassar.

Table of Contents

FIRST SECTION

Prayer After Rising up from Sleep 23

Special Matin Prayers 25

Troparia, Theotokia, and Kontakia for Weekdays ... 32

Troparia for Several Saints of the Same Rank .... 36

The Little Doxology 39

Prayers at Table 40

Panagia 41

Prayers of the Paracletice 45

Ninth Hour 57

Special Vesper Prayers ^2

The General Vesper Prayers 62

All-night Vigil Prayers 79

Little Compline (Little Slumber Prayer) 82

Metalepsis 90

SECOND SECTION

Prayer said by a Christian on Entering Church . . . . 106

Midnight Prayer on Sundays 106

General Matin Prayers on Sundays and Feasts . . . . 109 KATABASIAS MOSTLY USED

Katabasias of our Lady 114

Katabasias of the Cross 300

Katabasias of the Nativity 404

Katabasias of the Epiphany 473

Katabasias of the Presentation 502

Katabasias of the Transfiguration 578

Katabasias of the Passover 917

Katabasias of the Ascension 983

Katabasias of Pentecost 1001

The Great Doxology . . 118

The Divine Liturgy 119

Troparion at Kissing the Ikon of the Theotokos . . . . 135

THIRD SECTION— OKTOECHOS .... 137-198

First Tone 137

Second Tone 145

Third Tone 152

Fourth Tone 160

Fifth Tone 168

XV

Tabic of Contents

Sixth Tone 176

Seventh Tone 183

Eighth Tone 191

The Matin Gospels, Exposteilarions, and Eothinas . . 199-218

FOURTH SECTION— EPISTLES AND GOSPELS

FOR SUNDAYS THROUGHOUT THE YEAR 219-279

All-Saints Sunday 219

Sunday of the Fathers of Saints 247

Sunday before the Elevation of the Cross 248

Sunday after the Elevation of the Cross 249

Sunday of the Forefathers 272

Sunday before Christmas (Nativity) 273

Sunday after Christmas (Nativity) 275

Sunday before Epiphany 277

Sunday after Epiphany 278

FIFTH SECTION— MENAION 280

MONTH OF SEPTEMBER 280

The Nativity of our Most Holy Lady the Theotokos . . 282

Elevation of the Cross 293

MONTH OF OCTOBER . 311

Sunday of the Holy Fathers . . 311

The Feast of St. Demetrius 317

MONTH OF NOVEMBER 327

The Feast of the Archangels 328

The Feast of the Presentation of our Lady in the Temple . 338

MONTH OF DECEMBER ....... 351

The Feast of St. Nicholas 352

Sunday of the Forefathers 362

Sunday before Christmas (Nativity) 367

The Feast of the Nativity (Christmas) with Compline . 372

Sunday After Christmas (Nativity) 413

MONTH OF JANUARY 416

The Feast of the Circumcision, and of St. Basil .... 416

Sunday before the Epiphany 432

The Ft'dst of the Divine Epiphany, with Compline . . . 436

The Great Sanctification of the Water 461

The Feast of the Three Satellites 487

XVI

Tabic of Contents

MONTH OK FEBRUARY ........ 49 +

The Presentation of our Lord Jesus Christ in the Temple . 494

MONTH OF MARCH 512

The Feast of the Annunciation 515

MONTH OF APRIL 526

The Feast of St. George 526

MONTH OF MAY. 535

The Feast of the two Saints, Constantine and Helen . . 535

MONTH OF JUNE 543

The F^>ast of the two Apostles, Peter and Paul . . . 547

MONTH OF JULY 557

Sunday of the Holy Fathers 558

The Feast of the Prophet Elijah 560

MONTH OF AUGUST 568

The Feast of the Transfiguration 569

The Feast of the Falling-Asleep of our Lady .... 584

Feast of the Beheading of John the Baptist 594

SIXTH SECTION— TRIDION 604

I. FROM SUNDAY OF THE PHARISEE AND THE PUBLICAN TO SUNDAY EVENING OF CHEESE FARE

Sunday of the Pharisee and the Publican 604

Sunday of the Prodigal Son 611

Saturday for the Dead 618

Sunday of Meat Fare 628

Saturday of Cheese Fare 635

Sunday of Cheese Fare 637

Sunday Evening of Cheese Fare 643

II. THE HOLY QUADRAGESIMA FROM MONDAY AFTER THE SUNDAY OF CHEESE FARE TO THE EVENING OF PALM SUNDAY

The Great Compline (Great Slumber Prayer) .... 646

Order of the Liturgy of the Proegiasmena 661

xvn

Table of Contents

Order of the Prayer of the Laudations 665

The First Saturday of the Great Fast 665

The First Sunday (Morning and Evening) .... 667

The Second Sunday (Morning and Evening) .... 676

The Third Sunday (Morning and Evening) .... 681

The Fourth Sunday (Morning and Evening) .... 689

A Compendium of the Great Canon 694

Service of Laudation of the Akathiston 702

The Fifth Sunday (Morning and Evening) .... 719

Saturday of Lazarus 725

Palm Sunday (Morning and Evening) 733

in. HOLY PASSION WEEK FROM THE EVENING OF PALM SUNDAY TO GREAT SATURDAY

Evening of Palm Sunday (the Bridegroom) .... 747

The Morning of Great Monday 757

The Evening of Great Monday (the Bridegroom) . . . 760

The Morning of Great Tuesday 769

The Evening of Great Tuesday (the Bridegroom) . . . 773

The Morning of Great Wednesday 782

The Evening of Great Wednesday ....

The Morning of Great Thursday

The Evening of Great Thursday (Passion Gospels)

The Morning of Great Friday (Compline)

Great Friday at Eventide (Vespers) ....

The Night of Great Friday (The Funeral)

The Morning of Great Saturday

783 783 800 842 870 882 908

SEVENTH SECTION— PENTECOSTARION . . 920

Sunday of Great and Holy Easter (w^ith the Rush) . . 920

Compline of Easter 935

Easter Evening 936

Thomas Sunday 939

Sunday of the Ointment-Bearers 947

Sunday of the Paralytic 952

Sunday of the Samaritan Woman 960

Sunday of the Blind Man 969

Ascension Thursday 977

Sunday of the Holy Fathers 989

Sunday of Pentecost (with the Kneeling Prayers) . . . 994

All Saints Sunday 1021

EIGHTH SECTION-

Akathiston

-THE APPENDICES

1027 1091

XVI 11

Tabic of Contents

Alleluia 1067

Amen 1074

Anabathmoi 1086

Antiphony 1096

Apolytikion (Dismissal, or Benediction) 1068

Aposticha 1064

Apostle, the 1054

Bell, the Church 1123

Bible, the Holy 1053

Bishop (First Bishop over the First of the Churches of Christ) 1100

Blessing, the (In the Name of the Lord) 1067

Books, Ritual 1047

Bread, breaking of, and the Agapes 1051

Calendars, Eastern 1126

Canon 1088

Ceremonies, the Object of, and Rites Displayed in Prayer . 1049

Cherubicon 1109

Choir (see Singing) 1071, 1083

Church, the

Meaning 1027

Divisions 1028

Marks of the True Church 1028

Unity 1028

Catholicity 1031

Holiness 1036

Apostolicitv 1038

True Church, the 1039

Infallability of the Christian Church and her

Ecumenical Councils 1042

The Church's Acknowledgment of the Prayer . . . 1045

Founding and by whom it was founded 1046

Ritual Books 1047

First Bishop over the First of the Churches of Christ . 1100

Composers and Hymn Writers 1081

Cross, sign of the 1066

Day's Beginning, the 1060

Doxology, the 1092

Einos 1092

Eisodos (Great and Little) 1109-1111

Ektene, Greater 1063

Elder, the (see Apostle) . 1054

Eothina 1092

Eulogies 1048

Exaposteilarion 1091

XIX

Tabic of Contents

Feasts (see Leave-Taking) . . , 1123

Glory to the Father 1074

God the Lord hath appeared unto us (sec Great and Little

Synaptes) 1080

Hermos 1089

Holy God (see Trisagion) 1065

Hymns 1048

Hypakoe 1091

Jdiomelon 1084

Oikos 1087

Katabasia 1089

Kathisma . . . , 1085

Koinonikon 1102

Kontakion 1087

Kyron 1107

Lights and their Use (see Great and Little Svnaptcs) . . 1080

Litiva 1109

Liturgy 1098

Object of its Institution 1098

Its First Appearance 1101

Service after Saints James, Basil, John and Gregory . 1103

Assigning the Time of the Services, and their Origin . 1104

Divisions of the Mass 1105

Explanation of the Parts of the Mass 1107

Lord, have mercy 1074

Magnifications 1090

Makarizmoi 1096

Menaion, the 1112

Metalepsis 1102

Oblation, Moving of the 1108

Ode 1088

Oktoechos 1091

Panagia 1053

Paschal Table 1125

Paracletice 1091

Passover (Easter) 1122

Petitions (see Ektene) 1063

Pentecost 1123

Photagogikon (see Exaposteilarion) 1091

Prayer

What it is (The Church's Acknowledgment of the Prayer) 1045

The Effect and the Purpose ....... 1045

Specification of the Hours of Prayer 1056

Number of Prayers and how Prayers of the Hours Began 1058

XX

Table of Contents

Prayer of rlu^ First Hour . . 1094

Prayer of the Third and Sixth Hours 1095

Prayer of the Ninth Hour, or None, and its Explanation 1059

Explanation of Vespers, or Sunset Prayer .... 1060

Comphne Praver 1069

Midnight Praver 1071

(1) Its Divisions 1073

(2) Daily xMidnight Prayer 1073

(3) Midnight Prayer on the Sabbaths . . . 1076

(4) Midnight Prayer for Sundays . . . .1077

(5) Matin Prayers 1077

Prayer of Watching 1071

Praver of Agrvpinia (known as the Praver of the Five

Loaves) '. ' .... 1071

Prokeimenon 1063

Prosomion 1084

Psalms (their use in the Church and their Division) . . 1085

Pryamon 1069

Religion:

On its Sublimity, and how People Differ in its Reception 1049 I That from Jerusalem alone must the Worship Services

and Commandments of Religion be Sought . . . 1050

Ritual 1047

Service 1048

Singing and how it was Introduced bv the Choir

Alternately ' . . . . 1071, 1083

Stichera ' 1064

Stichologfa 1085

Stichos 1064

Sunday 1115

Synaptes (Great and Little) 1079

Synaxarion 1114

Table, Kissing the 1108

Theotokion 1090

Time, Division of 1056

Tones 1081

Triodion 1112

Trisagion (or lloU Cod) 1065

Troparion 1081

Typica 1096

'Fypicon 1049

Vestments, Kissing of the 1108

Washing of the Hands 1108

Worship 1051

Worship, Places of 1051

xxi

FIRST SECTION

PRAYER AFTER RISING UP FROM SLEEP

I

ilWhen you arise from sleeps stand away from your bed, in rever- ence and fear of God; make the sign of the cross; and say:

TN the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of

the Holy Spirit, one God. Amen.

Glory to thee our God, glory to thee.

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of truth, who art in all places and fillest all things; Treasury of good things, and Giver of life; come, take up thine abode in us, cleanse us from every stain, and save, good One, our souls.

Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon us (three times).

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen.

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us; O Lord, forgive us our sins; O Master, pardon our transgres- sions. O holy One, visit and heal our infirmities for thy Name's sake. Lord, have mercy; Lord, have mercy; Lord, have mercy.

Glory to the Father (complete).

r\\]K Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy Name; thy kingdom come; thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.

For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, O Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen.

24 Prayer After Rising Up From Sleep

C 'Till' II the folloiviiu/ Tritntarian Troparia.

AT our arising from sleep, we bow down before thee, O God, and cry out to thee, O mighty One, with the song of the angels, saying, Holy, Holy, Holy art thou, O God. For the sake of the Theotokos, have mercy upon us.

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit.

Thou hast gotten me up from my bed, and from my sleep. Lighten, O Lord, my mind and my heart; open my mouth to praise thee, O Holy Trinity, saying, Holv, Holy, Holy art thou, O God. For the sake of the Theotokos, have mercy upon us.

Now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen.

Suddenly the Judge shall come, and the deeds of each one of us shall be laid bare. Therefore, it b^- hoveth us to cry with fear at midnight, saying. Holy, Holy, Holy art thou, O God. For the sake of the Theotokos, have mercy upon us.

CLord, have mercy {twelve times) ; and the following prayer.

A T my rising from sleep I thank thee, O Holy Trinity, because of the abundance of thy goodness and long-suffering thou wast not wroth with me a sin ner; nor let me perish by mine iniquities, but hast been gracious to me, sympathized with me after thine own manner, and raised me up, when I had fallen into despair, to hasten to praise thy power. Now lighten thou the eyes of my mind and open my mouth to medi- tate on thy words, to understand thy commandments, to do thy will, to sing to thee with confession of the heart, and to praise thine all-holy Name, O Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen.

Another Prayer

/^ LORY to thee, Almighty King and God; for by ^^ thy philanthropic divine providence thou hast

special Matin Prayers 25

prepared nic, an unworthy sinner, to rise from sleep and to gain entrance into thy holy house. Accept thou, Lord, the voice of my beseeching, as from thy holy intelligential powers. Be pleased that my song, issu- ing from impure lips, be offered to thee with a pure heart and wnth the spirit of humility, that I too may become a companion of the wise virgins, with the bright lamp of my soul, that I may glorify thee, Word of God, glorified in the Father and in the Holy Spirit. Amen.

SPECIAL MATIN PRAYERS

CHoly God, and that which followeth; then recite the ffjllowiurj Troparia.

C\ LORD, save thy people and bless thine inherit- ^^^ ance, granting our believing kings victory over the Barbarians, and, by the power of thy Cross, pre- serving thy commonwealth.

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit.

Do thou, who of thine own good will wast elevated upon the Cross, bestow thy bounties upon the new peo- ple which is called by thy Name, O Christ our God; make glad with thy might our believing kings, granting them victory over their adversaries. May thine aid be a panoply of peace, a trophy invincible.

Now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen.

O dread Champion, who cannot be put to confusion, despise not our petitions. O good one, all-lauded Theotokos, establish thou the way of those who hold the Orthodox Faith; save those whom thou hast called to rule over us; bestow upon them victory from heaven; for thou didst give birth unto God, O only blessed one.

Lord, have mercy (twelve times).

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace and good will among men (three times).

Lord, open thou my lips, and my mouth shall show forth thy praise {two times).

26 Special Matin Prayers

^Then the following Psalms.

Psalm 3

TI7HY, O Lord, are they multiplied that afflict me? ^^ Many are they who rise up against me.

Many say to my soul: There is no salvation for him in his God.

But thou, O Lord, art my protector, my glory, and the lifter up of my head.

I have cried to the Lord with my voice: and he hath heard me from his holy hill.

I have slept and have taken my rest: and I have risen up, because the Lord hath protected me.

I will not fear thousands of the people, surround- ing me: arise, O Lord; save me, O my God.

For thou hast struck all them who are my adversaries without cause: thou hast broken the teeth of sinners.

Salvation is of the Lord: and thy blessing is upon thy people.

Psalm 37

T^ EBUKE me not, O Lord, in thy indignation; nor -'■^ chastise me in thy wrath.

For thy arrows are fastened in me: and thy hand hath been strong upon me.

There is no health in my flesh, because of thy wrath: there is no peace for my bones, because of my sins.

For my iniquities are gone over my head: and as a heavy burden are become heavy upon' me.

My sores are putrified and corrupted, because of my foolishness.

I am become miserable, and am bowed down even to the end : I walked sorrowful all the day long.

For my loins are filled with illusions; and there is no health in my flesh.

I am afflicted and humbled exceedingly: I roared with the groaning of my heart.

Lord, all my desire is before thee, and my groaning is not hidden from thee.

special Matin Prayers 27

My heart is troubled, my strength hath left me, and the light of my eyes itself is not with me.

My friends and my neighbours have drawn near, and stood against me.

And they that were near me stood afar off:

And they that sought my soul used violence.

And they that sought evils to me spoke vain things, and studied deceits all the day long.

But I, as a deaf man, heard not: and as a dumb man not opening his mouth.

And I became as a man that heareth not: and that hath no reproofs in his mouth.

For in thee, O Lord, have I hoped: thou wilt hear me, O Lord my God.

For I said : Lest at any time my enemies rejoice over me: and whilst my feet are moved, they speak great things against me.

For I am ready for scourges: and my sorrow is con- tinually before me.

For I will declare my iniquity: and I will think for my sin.

But my enemies live, and are stronger than I : and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

They that render evil for good, have detracted me, because I followed goodness.

Forsake me not, O Lord my God: do not thou depart from me.

Attend unto my help, O Lord, the God of my sal- vation.

Psalm 62

r^ GOD, my God, to thee do I watch at the break of day.

For thee my soul hath thirsted; for thee my flesh, O how many ways.

In a desert land, and where there is no way, and no water: so in the sanctuary have I come before thee, to see thy power and thy glory.

28 Special Matin Prayers

Vov thy mercy is better than lives: thee my lips shall praise.

Thus will 1 bless thee all my life long: and in thy name I will lift up my hands.

Let my soul be filled as with marrow and fatness: and my mouth shall praise thee with joyful lips.

If I have remembered thee upon my bed, I will meditate on thee in the morning: because thou hast been my helper.

And I will rejoice under the covert of thy wings: my soul hath stuck close to thee: thy right hand hath received me.

But they have sought my soul in vain, they shall go into the lower parts of the earth:

They shall be delivered into the hands of the sword, they shall be the portions of foxes.

But the king shall rejoice in God, all they shall be praised that swear by him : because the mouth is stopped of them that speak wicked things.

Have I not remembered thee in my bed, and thought upon thee when I was waking, because thou hast been my helper, therefore under the shadow of thy wings will I rejoice, and my soul hangeth upon thee, thy right hand hath upholden me.

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, glory to thee, O God. Lord, have mercy; Lord, have mercy; Lord, have mercy. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen.

Psalm 87

/^ LORD, the God of my salvation: I have cried in ^^ the day, and in the night before thee.

Let my prayer come in before thee: incline thy ear to my petition.

For my soul is filled with evils: and my life hath drawn nigh to hell.

Special Matin Prayers 29

I am counted among them that go down to the pit: I am become as a man without help, free among the dead.

Like the slain sleeping in the sepulchres whom thou rememberest no more: and they are cast ofjf from thy hand.

They have laid me in the lower pit: in the dark places, and in the shadow of death.

Thy wrath is strong over me: and all thy waves thou hast brought in upon me.

Thou hast put away my acquaintance far from mc: they have set me an abomination to themselves.

I was delivered up, and came not forth; my eyes languished through poverty.

All the day I cried to thee, O Lord: I stretched out my hands to thee.

Wilt thou shew wonders to the dead? or shall phy- sicians raise to life, and give praise to thee?

Shall any one in the sepulchre declare thy mercy: and thy truth in destruction?

Shall thy wonders be known in the dark; and thy justice in the land of forgetfulness?

But I, O Lord, have cried to thee: and in the morn- ing my prayer shall prevent thee.

Lord, why castest thou off my prayer: why turnest thou away thy face from me?

I am poor, and in labours from my youth : and being exalted have been humbled and troubled.

Thy wrath hath come upon me : and thy terrors have troubled me.

They have come round about me like water all the day: they have compassed me about together.

Friend and neighbour thou hast put far from me: and my acquaintance, because of misery.

O Lord God of my salvation I have cried day and night before thee: O let my prayer enter into thy pres- ence, incline thine ear unto my calling.

30 Special Matin Prayers

Psalm 102 T) LESS the Lord, O my soul : and let all that is within ^ me bless his holy name.

Bless the Lord, O my soul, and never forget all he hath done for thee.

Who forgiveth all thy iniquities : who healeth all thy diseases.

Who redeemeth thy life from destruction: who crowneth thee with mercy and compassion.

Who satisfieth thy desire with good things: thy youth shall be renewed like the eagle's.

The Lord doeth mercies and judgment for all that sufifer wrong.

He hath made his ways known to Moses: his wills to the children of Israel.

The Lord is compassionate and merciful : long-sufTer- ing and plenteous in mercy.

He will not always be angry: nor will he threaten for ever.

He hath not dealt with us according to our sins: nor rewarded us according to our iniquities.

For according to the height of the heaven above the earth: he hath strengthened his mercy towards them that fear him.

As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our iniquities from us.

As a father hath compassion on his children, so hath the Lord compassion on them that fear him: for he knoweth our frame.

He remembereth that we are dust: man's days are as grass, as the flower of the field so shall he flourish.

For the spirit shall pass in him, and he shall not be: and he shall know his place no more.

But the mercy of the Lord is from eternity and unto eternity upon them that fear him:

And his justice unto children's children, to such as keep his covenant,

And are mindful of his commandments to do them.

Special Matin Prayers 31

The Lord hath prepared his throne in heaven: and his kingdom shall rule over all.

Bless the Lord, all ye his angels: you that are mighty in strength, and execute his word, hearkening to the voice of his orders.

Bless the Lord, all ye his hosts: you ministers of his that do his v^ill.

Bless the Lord, all his works: in every place of his dominion, O my soul, bless thou the Lord.

Psalm 142

LJEAR, O Lord, my prayer: give ear to my suppli- cation in thy truth: hear me in thy justice.

And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight no man living shall be justified.

For the enemy hath persecuted my soul: he hath brought down my life to the earth.

He hath made me to dwell in darkness as those that have been dead of old: and my spirit is in anguish within me: my heart within me is troubled.

I remembered the days of old, I meditated on all thy works: I meditated the works of thy hands.

I stretched forth my hands to thee: my soul is as earth without water unto thee.

Hear me speedily,. O Lord: my spirit hath fainted away.

Turn not away thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit.

Cause me to hear thy mercy in the morning; for in thee have I hoped.

Make the way known to me, wherein I should walk: for I have lifted up my soul to thee.

Deliver me from my enemies, O Lord, to thee have I fled : teach me to do thy will, for thou art my God.

Thy good spirit shall lead me into the right land: for thy name's sake, O Lord, thou wilt quicken me in thy justice. Thou wilt bring my soul out of trouble: and in thy mercy thou wilt destroy my enemies.

.^2 Special Matin Prayers

And thou wilt cut off all them that afflict my soul: for I am thy servant.

Give ear to my supplications in thy truth: hear mc in thy justice.

And enter not into judgment with thy servant.

Thy good spirit shall lead me into the right land.

For thy name's sake, O Lord, for I am thy servant.

Glory to the Father {complete) ; Alleluia,